The wood burning stove is a piece of equipment designed to burn firewood and wood derived fuel. Usually wood burning stoves are made up of solid metals (basically cast iron) closed fire compartment, a grill and an air regulator. The wood stoves will then be attached to a conduit which will fill hot gas once the firewood is ignited. The pipe must not be hotter than the temperature outside because this will lead to burning of gases being taken out of the fire compartment and up the conduit.
The quality of wood burning stoves also depends on the type of fuel to be used. Based on the energy content, hardwood and softwood provide the same energy outputs. On the other hand, the main difference will depend on the degree in which the fuel burns. A broad-leaved tree or hardwood will burn at a gradual rate for constant output. Softwoods burn at a greater rate because they are woods from coniferous trees.
Let us consider the amount of woods’ moisture content to be used since it is one of the significant elements in wood burning. In order to obtain best results, the content of moisture should be less than 20%. However, there are certain procedures being done in order to remove certain amount of moisture present in the material to be used. Seasoning is the process of getting rid of the excess moisture. There are two methods of seasoning, air-drying and by kiln-drying method. Air-drying method uses the natural way of drying that is wood is placed outdoors but covered. Kiln- dried method dries the wood at a faster rate. Some companies use this type of method. With respect to the air supply of wood burning stoves, it is permitted to escape the air control totally unlocked, except when assisting the conduit heat up at the start.
A wide open air control can give way to a more heat being directed up the flue instead in the room. The problem encountered while leaving the air fully open is ”over firing”. When there is unacceptable amount of heat being produced inside the fire chamber over firing results. This will damage the wood stoves as well as its internal parts. Wood burning stoves vary in their settings depending on the designer so one must take some time to get used to it. Before purchasing your own type of wood stoves, you consider all of the above factors in order to be safe.
Wood burning stoves make use of a damper which is set up over the top of the fire place masonry. The damper is required to let fumes escape in the fireplace and may open for your purpose. A damper needs to be left open along with are burning a fire and closed when you are no longer burning a fire. Make sure and keep your damper closed if the wood burning stoves is not in use since the heat in the home will escape out of the masonry. It will make the home colder during cold months if you left the damper open without fire burning in the wood burner.